Ksar Ghilane is an oasis in southern Tunisia located on the eastern border of Grand Erg Oriental. Considered to be the southernmost of the Tunisian oases and one of the doors of the desert of the Tunisian Sahara, the oasis is fed by a source of hot water in which one can bathe and which would have thermal virtues.
The site has long been difficult to access, it is now connected by an asphalt road to Douz (80 km north) or Matmata, which can be borrowed by all-terrain vehicles or private cars or rental
It serves as a refuge for some 50 nomadic families living from date palm cultivation, goat and sheep farming, and growing tourist activity. Several activities are offered: quad biking, motorcycling, horseback riding, or camel trekking. Tourists can enjoy the sandy landscapes while enjoying the relative coolness of the oasis and the comfort of swimming in a hot spring.
There are three camps with Berber tents and a luxury hotel with about sixty air-conditioned tents, a guest house, and a ranch with private rooms to spend the night. Some cafes and a restaurant are located around the source in addition to those of the camps.
As its name suggests (ksar is an Arabic word meaning “castle”), it houses a fort dating from Roman times, Tisavar, located on the limes following the desert limit. The Tunisian government proposed it on February 17, 2012, for a future ranking on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
One kilometer east has erected a stele, the column of General Leclerc, which testifies to the passage of his army in 1943 during the Battle of Ksar Ghilane. It bears the following inscription:
Here, from February 23 to March 10, 1943, General Leclerc and Force L, who came from Chad, victoriously help the assault of the enemy forces, inflicting severe losses on them.